The Development of Fighting Skills in World History
The origin of fighting skill has
stemmed from the beginning of humankind's history. Fighting
skills as such can be seen as self-defending, instinctive,
and human-inborn characteristics which are needed to cope
with the hardship of Grand Nature and to live in accordance
with the cosmic principles.
the early age, primitive men were required to protect themselves and
their families from dangers of nature and to supply themselves with
food by hunting wild animals. This was the life-style of the primitives.
But as time goes on, the way of living changed gradually form hunting
to cultivating. And as the Agricultural Age dawned, Family societies
had altered to Tribe societies through conflicts, reconciliations. struggles
and conquests among them.
Men were likely to fight each other employing
their hands, fists and feet, since those were the easiest means that
could react instantly from the instinct and counter-action to protect
their own bodies. And there is no doubt that as such kind of activities
have developed in sophisticated and various ways and the human culture
has become collective and socialized, the forms and contents of those
activities have been systematized and have taken more and more concrete
shape to become present ones. Therefore, fighting skills began and developed
together with the origin of mankind whether it be occidental or oriental.
In the course of transition, the primitive
fighting skills have developed into distinctly and differently in accordance
with the national and cultural circumstances, which is confirmed by
the historical fact that there have existed various fighting skills
not only in the East such as India and China but also in the ancient
In India, relics were found that can prove
the presence of highly developed fighting skills in India around B.C
5-6. Recently, Indians have unearthed and developed their own traditional
fighting skills, Kalapayatoo, which had been almost obliterated in colonial
period by England. Kalapayatoo trainees practice fiercely fighting with
bare hands and weapons like swords and spears.
In China, about 1,500 years ago(A.D. 470),
in the ruling period of Mooje of the Yang Dynasty, the great Buddhist
priest, Dalma from India, wrote books for training body and spirit named
Yokunkyong and Sesukyong. People trained with them, and also trained
people with tangsu named Sypalnahansoo. They might have even affected
Taekwondo in the course of its development. Nevertheless, we could not
possibly have taken them as the origins of Taekwondo.