How to train in Kyorugi
We can say the entire course of kyorugi training is composed of three steps; 1) learing techniques in motion, 2) Yaksok kyorugi, and 3) Jayu kyorugi.
The first step refers to the ordinary process of Taekwondo training, composed of basics and poomsaes. You should see it that the basics and poomsae are related to kyorugi in a whole process. Although they are divided into three steps, you should be able to see oneness that organizes them from behind.
The second step, Yaksok kyorugi is patternized sparring. In Yaksok kyorugi you should get how to apply a technique to your opponent. While you can focus only on the motion in ordinary practice, you should consider some invisible factors in Yaksok kyorugi; distance, sight, and his intentions and so on. If you understand the essence of Yaksok kyorugi you will understand what you have to focus in the training.
The methodology of Yaksok kyorugi is; you should adapt yourself in the situation of certain kinds of attack and defence. If you look into the ordinary real fightings you will see those situations are based on only a few kinds of attack and defending techniques or motions. The can be summarized in a several patterns. If you can adapt yourself to those patterns you will be able to defend yourself in most ordinary cases. For that you should repeat the yaksok kyorugi trainings many times.
The third step is Jayu kyorugi. It is the free style sparring. In this step you can feel free out of patterns in fightings but if you've learned something in Taekwnodo you would remain in some sort of patterns still. If you don't have true understanding of Jayu kyorugi you will not advance in this training, I think. Since it is a training, you should know its methodology. The methodology of Jayu kyorugi training is simple.
When you spar with higher-leveler, observe how he controls over you and then immitate him. If you immitate him to control over him he will defend your attack with another technique. Then you can immitate that defending technique again, and repeat this process. You will get at least a set of attack and defence every time.
If you cannot immitate the techniques that higher-leveler used you should train them in usual or personal training time. In this way, training of Kyorugi leads to that of basics or poomsaes.
When you spar with lower-leveler, try to use the techniques that you've learned in practice. If you cannot apply techniques to your opponent that you've learned, it indicates you didn't learn them. If you cannot use a technique to lower-levelers, it is evident that you cannot apply it to higher-leveler or another person.