3-5. Pose of Hands
To discuss the pose of hands, it is the way of Haneul to make two fists by
the correct way keeping one close to you and the other close to your opponent,
yet neither fully spreaded out nor fully folded in, and one high then the other
low, one forward then the other defensive for sides, also in a line between
you and your opponent to be seen as one.
In this way, filling space with two hands together with your waist twisted,
you come to make “the arms crossing the inclined
body."1) Here, you should make fists
because Jumeok(fist) Jireugi is the basic technique. If you intend techniques
focused on different points you can go further far from the basics. But you
ought not be detached from the basics. Saying you ought not be detached from
the basics, it means you can draw back to the basic at any time. Even if you
try the technique to open your hand and grab the opponent, for example, you
ought to try this technique only as far as you can make correct fists with your
hands at will. Knowing how to make correct fists you can get this way. On the
other hand, saying you intend techniques focused on different points, it means,
for an example, you intend to try Sonkkeut(flat hand tips) jireugi or Sonnal(hand-blade)
chigi rather than Jumeok jireugi, or to try technique of grabbing the opponent.
You have to keep one hand close to you and the other close to your opponent,
for it is to follow the law of Nature that arrange things even to every part
of space. The Nature, though it dangles between empty and full owing to its
change, gets full because it's empty and gets empty because it's full at the
same time. So it never stops its filling everything evenly. Hence it is said
this way of posing is subject to the way of Haneul.
You should have both arms neither fully spread out nor fully folded in, for
either case exhausts its changeableness. The way of Haneul demands to follow
the way of boundless change. Therefore, you should avoid ends of which the meaning
is exhausted change. It is called ‘Great Mean’(中庸) to avoid the ends of change
with preservation of the middle, like this. Chu Hsi explained this, saying “Achieving
the Mean is the name for not erring to one side or the other, for being neither
too much nor too little.”2) This is the ideology
of temperance, too.
To have one forward then the other defensive for sides is to follow the way
of Nature that fills everything evenly. At the same time, to have them in a
line between you and your opponent to be seen as one is to copy the figure of
Nature that not only fills everything evenly but also maintains order so as
not to be shown out by herself. As you fill everything evenly you allow no crevice
that your opponent can cut into. At the same time, however, as you maintain
order not shown out by yourself, he cannot even find out your blind points.
1) "That I Clench My Fist", 4.
2) 풍우란, 『중국철학의 정신』, 128쪽.